‘My expectation is that the various forms of monitoring and mapping and a long-term portal of this kind will clearly lead to more information and, as a reference point, be helpful in forming policy at national and European level [for cultural education]. But as long as these actions are not accompanied by a greater political urgency, I am afraid that their impact will remain limited’ (Knol, 2014: 60). In the context of the European Life Long Learning Programme, the Comenius project on Visual literacy1 has created a prototype for a European Framework of Reference on Visual

Literacy (CEFR_VL). This framework is analogous to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR), a guideline used to describe language achievements of learners across Europe.

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Piet Hagenaars